Visiting Pompeii and Herculaneum is a truly unforgettable experience; if you spend a holiday in Campania you cannot give up discovering these two places, especially if you have a particular interest in history and art.
Pompeii and Herculaneum are two small towns that shared the same fate: a large eruption of Vesuvius, in 79 AD, overwhelmed them and partially destroyed them.
The incandescent lava mass coming from the volcano inevitably forced the inhabitants of Pompeii and Herculaneum to quickly abandon their homes to save themselves, as evidenced by ancient writings by Pliny the Younger.
At a great distance from this episode, excavations have been carried out in these localities that have brought to light buildings and objects of inestimable value, also dating back to epochs much more distant than that of the eruption.
The city of Pompeii, unlike Herculaneum, was mainly overwhelmed by ash and lapilli rather than lava, and these natural elements have preserved the architecture of the city in a truly extraordinary way, preserving them over the centuries in an impeccable way.
The excavations of Herculaneum, however, are no less, without neglecting other very important places of interest in the more modern urban area, such as Villa Campolieto and its beautiful frescoes.
Each year, Pompeii and Herculaneum attract thousands and thousands of tourists from all over the world, and have been declared a World Heritage Site by UNESCO.